Кто владеет информацией,
|27 mar 2017|
S. Lukjanchikova 08.05.2006
Источник: Source Juzhny Reporter
Horrors of our village
On the chemical warehouses of the
Pesticides (herbicides, insecticides, fungicide) were earlier called by their own name pest-killers. Their main quality is to eliminate different forms of life (weeds, fungus, bacterium, insects, rodents). Later another not so horrified name was spread: means of plants protection. The change of the name didnt change the essence the most part of the pesticides remained to be synthetic chemicals with toxic qualities which are capable of breaking vital functions of organism and converting to poisoning. On the other hand in mass consciousness the fear before peaceful chemistry became dull. The slogan "Chemistry should serve to the harvest!" had led to that agricultural sectors were everywhere and unconditionally supplied with necessary (and not so) cheap for those times chemicals.
Soviet battles for the harvests turned out to be chemical "delayed-action mines". Overdue and out of usage pesticides accumulated is All-Russian problem, - the vice-president of Legislative Assembly Committee dealing with questions of natural resources use and ecological safety of Krasnodar territory - Oleg Mihajlov - approves. - Since 1985 nobody prosecuted this subject. There was no time for it. Proprietors of farmland were changing one another, farmsteads appeared and went to nothingness while warehouses with chemicals were gradually collapsing, coming to desolation. Nevertheless nobody cancelled Federal law "About safe handling of pesticides and agrochemicals" issued on
However, high cost of recycling (from 33 up to 40 thousand roubles for ton) has led to such situation that it is easier to put this matter off. Basically work with the overdue pesticides was conducted in the following way they were re-packed and continued to store in new package or were transported for recycling to special test sites (in Leningradskaya and Volgogradskaya regions). All those works required a lot of money, the result didnt change by transportation of pesticides from one place to another: pest-killers continued to be kept not here but there.
Not only pesticides getting from corrade tanks into the soil and atmosphere made threat to ecological system but also the business was started to be done on the overdue pesticides, - Oleg Mihajlov shares with us his fears, - now everyone who wants can sell agricultural chemistry. Such "businessmen" find ownerless warehouse, out of use or overdue products, pack them up in new packages and sell. In case of full diseconomy the duty on execution of the Federal Legislation in the field of safe handling of pesticides and agrochemicals falls on shoulders of Chapters of municipal formations. However not everyone understands the importance of the problem. During the work of the commission infringements were revealed in Armavir, in the city-resort - Anapa, in Temryuksky, Caucasian, Novopokrovsky, Seversky, Yeysky and Mostovsky districts. Materials are transferred to the Office of Public Prosecutor of Krasnodar territory. We have been conducting this work for two years".
Experts have inspected maintenance of safe storage, recycling and destruction of pesticides and agrochemicals on 1582 enterprises of all patterns of ownership. Reports are made, instructions are handed over and penalties are written out for the sum more than 877 thousand roubles.
We understand that repackage and export of pesticides is not the decision of a problem, - head of NPO "Progress" Sergey Asauljuk joins the conversation. The mobile device for utilization developed by us is a way out. We have already shown its pilot sample in operation. Such device is not present anywhere in the world, it is ecologically harmless: toxic elements turn into low-toxic ones under the high temperature of 1200-1300 degrees, further plasma processing destructs them totally. Combinations which do not influence peoples health are thrown out into the environment. The main thing is that utilization of overdue pest-killers will cost for the owner twice cheaper (there are no charges for transportation and container). If power engineering specialists will provide favourable rates than the destruction of one kg of pesticides will cost approximately 20 roubles.
In all Ministries of Agriculture of constituents of South Federal District is spoken about an absolute must of taking the decision on a problem of pesticides lain for so long. Nobody can give exact figures of unnecessary pesticides but they assure that the official data cited in various reports does not reflect the up-today situation. In fact nobody calculated how many bags with pest-killers simply lay in woods, on roadsides and is dug into the soil.
Information:According to inventory in the
Full inventory of the pesticides which have become overdue, forbidden and lost their properties the number of which kept in Russia is over one million tons as well as warehouses and bases for their storage hasnt been carried out till now.
The following information is preliminary known: more than 24 thousand tons of pesticides, many of which are proof, highly toxic combinations are stored with infringements of operating rules. The greatest quantity of "delayed-action bombs" has accumulated in the SFD - more than 4,6 thousand tons.
68 warehouses in the
Preliminarydata on inventory of the unfit for use, out-of-date and not identified pesticides (in tons):
Volgograd area 244,5 Dagestan Republic 248,2 Krasnodar territory 2497 Rostov area 1068 Stavropolsky territory 164,6 Kabardino-Balkarian Republic 55,3 Karachayevo-Cherkessian Republic 17,1 North Osetia Alania Republic 123 (there is no information about other regions)
Data of parliamentary hearings of the State Duma and materials of consideration of questions about pesticides in Security Council of the
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