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What Did Michel Deljagin Say to Francis Fukuyama?

What Did Michel Deljagin Say to Francis Fukuyama?

Dear Colleagues,

I can not help paying your attention to the fact that cemeteries of the Russian cities and even villages are totally covered with fields of tombs of the young men killed during the Russian privatization. Nobody ever counted them but, by the most modest estimations, more than hundred thousand of the Russians full of forces and energy were killed also because the American advisers and the Russian reformers considered being their target - I dare to quote - "replacement of motive of the right by motive of profit".

This is a macroeconomic factor as soon as people could and want to work. In point of fact the whole generation had been cut out – not only by despair and hunger but also by direct murders.

As it has also moral value, I consider it very useful for those who preaches here that "any privatization is always better than a state" (it was declared by the former adviser of the Russian reformers Anders Oslund who publicly spoke before M.G.Deljagin – from editorial staff) to visit at least one of the cemeteries which have appeared in Russia due to their efforts also so that to stay there and to look how old the people were who could live and work today.

The problem of Russia consists not in having the state and even not in its power and influence as they tried to show it here, but in its full freedom from any control of a society and from any responsibility before a society. This very irresponsibility and submission to its private interests of bureaucrats makes the Russian state antisocial force representing a straight threat to the country.

Passing now to a theme of our today's meeting I am happy to draw attention to three problems of understanding of the modern democratic state.

First of all, standard western democratic institutes provide authority and control over the state to the most influential public force. Actually, they are created for this purpose. However in the process of development of globalization rather weak countries even more often collide with a situation when the most influential public forces appear to be external forces - whether these are other states or global corporations. As a result they quite democratically get into situation of external management, the aims of which quite often not only differ but are even opposite to the interests of corresponding rather weak country. We saw it in Russia in the 90th, probably, something similar threatens to the Ukraine.

The second problem is - formation of global networks as operating subjects. On the example of today's Russian and that ones of the USA we see how global networks originally created by the states "get rid", abstract, release themselves from them and start to realize own purposes. Thus we see how, acting through structures of these or those states, even very strong they sometimes realize purposes opposite to the interests of these states. Emancipating from the states they release themselves from control of corresponding societies and from responsibility before them; on the other hand, they are depriving themselves of possibility to use strong analytic potential of the states that decrease at once the level of their mutual “intellect”. As a result modern global networks become a destroying factor of the modern world.

At last, the third problem is a change of character of wars. The attack of Israel to Lebanon showed once again that modern wars are wars not with the states but with network structures. Such wars objectively demand not public actions which traditional democratic government working almost all the time for television camera cannot carry out simply technologically even if existence of its country depends on such actions. Thus, network wars objectively demand restriction of democracy – but such restriction is possible only at the condition of high ideologization restriction of democratic instruments really leads to corruption and decay. However, modrn democracy couldn’t bear ideologization and eliminates it pulling the carpet out away from under own feet!

Thus, modern democratic structure of the state in its western understanding undergoes severe crisis as it has ceased to correspond to objective requirements of globalization.

Speech of the Chairman of Presidium – scientific adviser of Institute of Problems of Globalization, Doctor of Economic Science. M.G.Deljagin on a meeting of representatives of the Ukrainian scientific community with the American philosopher-futurologist Francis Fukuyama who presented the book "Trust" (1995) in the Institute of Ethnopolitics of the National Academy of Science of the Ukraine, Kiev, 13th of November, 2006.
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